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Isles de Salomon, Nouvelle Zelande. Solomon Islands, c1683.

Isles de Salomon, Nouvelle Zelande. Solomon Islands, c1683.

by Mallet, Alain Manesson

Des Terres Australes (Southern Lands), Pacific Ocean, Guadalcanal (named in 1568 during Alvaro de Mendana's expedition), Terre de Quiros (after navigator Pedro Fernandez de Quiros), and Nouvelle Zelande (not -). Nine sailing ships.

Wonder-ful rare original copperplate-engraved map by Alain Manesson Mallet (1630-1706), published circa 1683 in Paris “by Royal privilege”, for the first ‘modern’ book of geography, his Description de l’Univers (Description of the Universe). Antique map of Solomon Islands, Terre de Quir (land of Quiros) and Nouvelle Zelande (New Zealand - since renamed when preference was given to Abel Janszoon Tasman's using the name for the land he discovered west of Van Diemen's Land (Tasmania)). This unusual map shows discoveries between 1595 and 1606, and Quiros's theory of the great southern land "Terra Australis" whose discovery was the goal of many European explorers over the centuries.

Alain Manesson Mallet (1630-1706) studied mathematics and geometry at the College of Burgundy, under the military engineer, Philippe Mallet (1606-1679). He then joined the army and rose to the rank of sargento-mor (equivalent to commander) of artillery and inspector of fortifications under Marshal Schomberg. Advising improvement of Portugal's fortifications, he contributed greatly to the Treaty of Independence of Portugal in 1668. Mallet returned to France and was appointed mathematics teacher of the pages of the King in Little Stable, Versaille (reserved for the sons of the noble families whose antiquity dated back to 1550 or earlier). As master of mathematics, Mallet had time to write on military science and the art of siege warfare. Mallet's most important publications wereTravaux de Mars, ou l'art de War (Work of Mars, or the Art of War) and Description de l'Univers.

This map is in fine condition. To intaglio impression measures 150 x 105mm (6.78 x 4.1/8 inches). Page size is 210 x 130mm (8.1/4 x 5.1/8 inches).

Stock Number: amSalAMM251Price: $325.00